Communication Problems in Software Development - A Model and Its Industrial Application
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

Attaining effective communication within and across organizational units is among the most critical challenges for success in software development organizations. This paper presents a novel model, supporting analysis of problems in inter-departmental communication events. The model was developed and designed based on industrial needs emphasizing flexibility, applicability and scalability. The model covers central communication aspects in order to provide a useful approximation of communication problems rather than in-depth modeling on message-by message basis. Other event-specific information, such as costs, can then be attached to enrich analysis and understanding. To exemplify and evaluate the model and collect feedback from industry, it was applied to 16 events at a Swedish automotive manufacturer where communication between two departments had broken down during development of software-intensive systems. The evaluation showed that the model helped structure and conduct systematic data collection and analysis of dysfunctional communication patterns. We found that insufficient understanding of the matters being communicated was prevalent, but also more specifically, requirements were insufficiently balanced, detailed and specified over the full system development cycle. Besides, the long-term cost for the company was analyzed in depth for each event, yielding a total estimated cost for the analyzed communication events of 11.2MUS$.

Organizational management and coordination

automotive industry

software engineering

manufacturing engineering

software-intensive systems

communication

Författare

J. Pernstål

Volvo Cars

Robert Feldt

Chalmers, Data- och informationsteknik, Software Engineering, Software Engineering for Cyber Physical Systems

Tony Gorschek

Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, BTH

D. Florén

Volvo Cars

International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering

0218-1940 (ISSN)

Vol. 29 10 1497-1538

Ämneskategorier

Annan data- och informationsvetenskap

Programvaruteknik

Kommunikationsvetenskap

DOI

10.1142/S0218194019500475

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2019-11-19