A quantitative study on the requirement for additional inertia in the european power system until 2050 and the potential role of wind power
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

A significant amount of conventional power plants in the European power system is anticipated to be replaced by solar and wind power in the future. This may require alternative sources for inertia support. The purpose of the paper is to learn about the consequences on the frequency deviation after a fault in the European power system when more wind and solar are introduced and when wind is considered as a possible provider of inertia. This study quantifies the expected maximum requirement for additional inertia in the future European power system up to 2050. Furthermore, we investigated the possibility of wind power to meet this additional need by providing emulated inertia. The European power system of the EU-28 countries has been clustered to the five synchronous grids, UCTE, Nordic, UK, Baltic and Irish. The future European energy mix is simulated considering twelve different scenarios. Production units are dispatched according to their expected environmental impacts, which closely follow the minimum natural contribution of inertia, in descending order. The available capacity for all the types of production is considered the same as the installed. For all the simulated scenarios the worst case is examined, which means that a sudden disconnection of the largest production unit of the dispatched types is considered. Case study results reveal that, in most cases, additional inertia will be required but wind power may fully cover this need for up to 84% of all simulated horizons among all the scenarios on the UCTE grid, and for up to 98%, 86%, 99% and 86% on the Nordic, UK, Baltic and Irish grids, respectively.

European power system

Synthetic inertia

Frequency response

Emulated inertia

Inertia support


Christos Agathokleous

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, Elkraftteknik

Jimmy Ehnberg

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, Elkraftteknik


1996-1073 (ISSN) 19961073 (eISSN)

Vol. 13 9 2309


Annan naturresursteknik


Annan elektroteknik och elektronik



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