3D simulations of deep mixed columns under road embankment
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

When column stabilisation is meant to function as a ground improvement under an embankment, the design cases to be considered consist of overall stability, compression resistance of the column heads, arching of the embankment on the columns and settlements. This paper focuses on the compression resistance of the columns. The proper geotechnical design of deep mixed (deep stabilised) columns under road embankment requires good estimation of the stress-strain behaviour of the columns and the surrounding soil under the embankment and traffic loading. Earlier Finnish design approaches relied on an even traffic load of 10 kN/m2 on the road surface. The dimensioning methods for column stabilised soil are also based on the idea of an even traffic load. Due to Eurocode recommendations a more realistic scenario is introduced, which remarkably increases the magnitude of the traffic loading. After deriving suitable material properties and stiffness parameters for static and dynamic traffic loading, three-dimensional finite element calculations are performed to achieve better understanding of the mechanical interaction between the embankment, columns and soil under the new loading configuration. Even though more investigations are needed before delivering a final statement, the calculations show that, for the considered case in this paper, the new loading scenario has no relevant consequences on the design compared to the earlier design approach.

Dynamic loading

Finite-element modelling

Soil stabilisation


Ayman Abed

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geologi och geoteknik


L. Korkiala-Tanttu


Juha Forsman

Ramböll AB

Kirsi Koivisto

Ramböll AB

Rakenteiden Mekaniikka

07836104 (ISSN) 17975301 (eISSN)

Vol. 54 1 1-20


Teknisk mekanik





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