A constitutive framework for the chemo-mechanical behaviour of unsaturated non-expansive clays
Paper i proceeding, 2023

Both osmotic and matric suction changes have a significant influence on the mechanical behaviour of clays. Despite the different types of interactions at the microstructural level, both suctions havea relevant effect on the fabric of non-expansive clays. Starting from experimental observations at the laboratory scale, it is possible to identify some common features characterizing the mechanical response of non-expansive clays to salinity and degree of saturation changes. This paper presents an elastoplasticframework to reproduce the behaviour of unsaturated clayey soils upon changes in the salt concentration of the pore fluid. In particular, it presents a strategy to include osmotic suction induced by pore fluid salinity in BBM-like models [1]. The model was implemented in the Thebes code and it was calibrated on experimental data performed on Boom clay [2] and remoulded loess [3].


Liliana Gramegna

Politecnico di Milano

Ayman Abed

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geologi och geoteknik

W. Solowski


Guido Musso

Politecnico di Torino

Gabriele Della Vecchia

Politecnico di Milano

E3S Web of Conferences

25550403 (ISSN) 22671242 (eISSN)

Vol. 382 15004

8th International Conference on Unsaturated Soils, UNSAT 2023
Milos, Greece,






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