User behaviour informed optimal control for vehicle-home-grid integration
Research Project, 2022 – 2026

Achieving the global targets on the environment and carbon neutrality heavily relies on fossil-free transport and renewable electric energy sources. Simply integrating electric vehicle (EV) fleets and variable renewables into the power grid will, however, cause large power fluctuations, associated with frequency deviations, potential risks of instability, and even system failure. By utilising vehicle battery systems as energy buffers, vehicle-to-home and vehicle-to-grid technology have huge potential to even out the demand spikes but are subject to high dimensionalities, nonlinearities, and stochasticity. This project will leverage advanced models, optimisation algorithms, and control strategies to address the above challenges. The results will reduce the costs of household electricity and EV ownership, enhance the grid resilience for EV and renewable integration, and maximise energy and resource efficiency.


Changfu Zou (contact)

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Systems and control

Torsten Wik

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Systems and control


Polestar Performance AB

Göteborg, Sweden


Swedish Energy Agency

Project ID: P2022-00960
Funding Chalmers participation during 2022–2026

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Sustainable development

Driving Forces


Areas of Advance

HSB living lab


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