Increasing cities' capacity to manage noise and air quality using urban morphology and urban greening
Air pollution and noise produces significant adverse environmental effects internationally. In street environments in Swedish urban areas, the road traffic is the greatest source of both noise and PM10 particles, and the indicators that are linked to the environmental objectives of Clean Air and Good Built Environment do not show a positive overall trend.
To date, noise and air quality are often handled separately. This is inefficient, results in unnecessary construction costs and may lead to an unnecessarily bad housing environment, or missed out opportunities for creating new housing. The proposed research will result in guidelines for urban planning with aim to lead to reduced exposure to both air pollution and noise.
The goal of the proposed project is to develop a set of guidelines for planning, where the effects of air pollution and noise are combined in terms of urban morphology (shape and location of buildings in relation to roads) and with the use of green surfaces (low vegetation, bushes and trees).
The project work is carried out across the disciplines of acoustics, air quality, and architecture/urban planning in co-work with two cities. The guidelines are planned to be developed through numerical modelling of a number of cases, including two real-case studies. Communication is planned through internal policy-related work at the cities, and via a booklet, workshops and reports as well as via scientific journal and conference papers.
Jens Forssén (contact)
Professor at Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Applied Acoustics
Meta Berghauser Pont
Associate Professor at Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Urban Design and Planning
Laura Estévez Mauriz
Doctoral Student at Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Applied Acoustics
Project ID: 2017-00914
Funding Chalmers participation during 2018–2020
Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure
Building Futures (2010-2018)
Areas of Advance