Evaluation of the BioRID P3 and the Hybrid III in Pendulum Impacts to the Back: A Comparison with Human Subject Test Data
Journal article, 2002
Crash test dummies able to mimic the motion of a human are needed to assess the
protective performance of seats and head restraints in crash tests. This study evaluates
both a newly developed dummy for rear impacts (BioRID P3) and the Hybrid III dummy
by means of a recently available set of human subject data. The study also meets the need
for validation of the BioRID P3 at a higher impact severity than that previously achieved.
The BioRID P3 and the Hybrid III were evaluated by means of pendulum impacts to the
back and compared with data from previously run cadaver tests. Seated dummies were
struck with a pendulum with a mass of 23kg and an impact velocity of 4.6m/s at the level
of the 6th thoracic vertebra. The results showed that peak values and temporal responses
of the BioRID P3 was closer to that of the corridor of the cadavers than the Hybrid III in
terms of horizontal, vertical, and angular displacement of the head and of the head
relative to T1.
Crash Test Dummy