A Kinetic Model of the Monocarboxylate Transporter MCT1 and its Interaction with Carbonic Anhydrase II
Journal article, 2010

The enzyme carbonic anhydrase isoform II (CAII), catalyzing the hydration and dehy-dration of CO2, enhances transport activity of the monocarboxylate transporter isoform I (MCT1, SLC16A1) expressed in Xenopus oocytes by a mechanism that does not require CAII catalytic activity. In the present study, we have investigated the mechanism of the CAII induced increase in transport activity by using electrophysiological techniques and mathematical modeling of the MCT1 transport cycle. The model consists of six states arranged in cyclic fashion and features an ordered, mirrorsymmetric, binding mechanism, where binding and unbinding of the proton to the transport protein is considered to be the rate limiting step under physiological conditions. An explicit rate expression for the substrate flux is derived using model reduction techniques. By treating the pools of intra-and extracellular MCT1 substrates as dynamic states, the time dependent kinetics are obtained by integration, using the derived expression for the substrate flux. The simulations were compared with experimental data obtained from MCT1-expressing oocytes injected with different amounts of CAII. The model suggests that CAII increases the effective rate constants of the proton reactions, possibly by working as a proton antenna.

Model reduction

Electrophysiology

Mathematical modeling

CAII

Proton antenna

pH-sensitive microelectrodes

Author

Joachim E Almqvist

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Life Sciences, System Biology

Patrick Lang

Dieter Prätzel-Wolters

Joachim W. Deitmer

Mats Jirstrand

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Life Sciences, System Biology

Holger M. Becker

Journal of Computer Science and Systems Biology

0974-7230 (ISSN)

Vol. 3 5 107-116

Subject Categories

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Neurosciences

Physiology

Other Mathematics

Information Science

Roots

Basic sciences

Areas of Advance

Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)

DOI

10.4172/jcsb.1000066

More information

Created

10/8/2017