Demonstration of a Single-Photon Router in the Microwave Regime
Journal article, 2011

We have embedded an artificial atom, a superconducting transmon qubit, in an open transmission line and investigated the strong scattering of incident microwave photons (similar to 6 GHz). When an input coherent state, with an average photon number N << 1 is on resonance with the artificial atom, we observe extinction of up to 99.6% in the forward propagating field. We use two-tone spectroscopy to study scattering from excited states and we observe electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). We then use EIT to make a single-photon router, where we can control to what output port an incoming signal is delivered. The maximum on-off ratio is around 99% with a rise and fall time on the order of nanoseconds, consistent with theoretical expectations. The router can easily be extended to have multiple output ports and it can be viewed as a rudimentary quantum node, an important step towards building quantum information networks.

cavity

resonance fluorescence

circuit

molecule

transistor

light

atom

optics

Author

Io Chun Hoi

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Christopher Wilson

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Göran Johansson

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Applied Quantum Physics

T. Palomaki

Chalmers

B. Peropadre

CSIC - Instituto de Fisica Fundamental (IFF)

Per Delsing

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Physical Review Letters

0031-9007 (ISSN) 1079-7114 (eISSN)

Vol. 107 7 073601

Subject Categories

Physical Sciences

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.073601

More information

Latest update

9/10/2018