Demonstration of a Single-Photon Router in the Microwave Regime
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011

We have embedded an artificial atom, a superconducting transmon qubit, in an open transmission line and investigated the strong scattering of incident microwave photons (similar to 6 GHz). When an input coherent state, with an average photon number N << 1 is on resonance with the artificial atom, we observe extinction of up to 99.6% in the forward propagating field. We use two-tone spectroscopy to study scattering from excited states and we observe electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). We then use EIT to make a single-photon router, where we can control to what output port an incoming signal is delivered. The maximum on-off ratio is around 99% with a rise and fall time on the order of nanoseconds, consistent with theoretical expectations. The router can easily be extended to have multiple output ports and it can be viewed as a rudimentary quantum node, an important step towards building quantum information networks.

light

cavity

molecule

resonance fluorescence

circuit

transistor

atom

optics

Författare

Io Chun Hoi

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap (MC2), Kvantkomponentfysik

Christopher Wilson

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap (MC2), Kvantkomponentfysik

Göran Johansson

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap (MC2), Tillämpad kvantfysik

T. Palomaki

Chalmers University of Technology

B. Peropadre

CSIC - Instituto de Fisica Fundamental (IFF)

Per Delsing

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap (MC2), Kvantkomponentfysik

Physical Review Letters

0031-9007 (ISSN) 1079-7114 (eISSN)

Vol. 107 073601

Ämneskategorier

Fysik

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.073601