Biological treatment of Lignocelluloses with white-rot funghi and its applications: Review
Journal article, 2011

Lignocellulosic carbohydrates, i.e. cellulose and hemicellulose, have abundant potential as feedstock for production of biofuels and chemicals. However, these carbohydrates are generally infiltrated by lignin. Breakdown of the lignin barrier will alter lignocelluloses structures and make the carbohydrates accessible for more efficient bioconversion. White-rot fungi produce ligninolytic enzymes (lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, and laccase) and efficiently mineralise lignin into CO2 and H2O. Biological pretreatment of lignocelluloses using white-rot fungi has been used for decades for ruminant feed, enzymatic hydrolysis, and biopulping. Application of white-rot fungi capabilities can offer environmentally friendly processes for utilising lignocelluloses over physical or chemical pretreatment. This paper reviews white-rot fungi, ligninolytic enzymes, the effect of biological pretreatment on biomass characteristics, and factors affecting biological pretreatment. Application of biological pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis, biofuels (bioethanol, biogas and pyrolysis), biopulping, biobleaching, animal feed, and enzymes production are also discussed.

White-rot fungi


Manganese peroxidase



Lignin peroxidase

Ruminant feed

Solid-state fermentation



Biological pretreatment


Isroi Isroi

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering

Ria Millati

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chemical Reaction Engineering

syam Syamsiah

Claes Niklasson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chemical Reaction Engineering

Cayanto Cayanto


Mohammad Taherzadeh Esfahani

Knut Lundquist

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Organic Chemistry


1930-2126 (ISSN) 19302126 (eISSN)

Vol. 6 4 5224-5259

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Industrial Biotechnology

Areas of Advance


Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)

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