Biological treatment of Lignocelluloses with white-rot funghi and its applications: Review
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011

Lignocellulosic carbohydrates, i.e. cellulose and hemicellulose, have abundant potential as feedstock for production of biofuels and chemicals. However, these carbohydrates are generally infiltrated by lignin. Breakdown of the lignin barrier will alter lignocelluloses structures and make the carbohydrates accessible for more efficient bioconversion. White-rot fungi produce ligninolytic enzymes (lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, and laccase) and efficiently mineralise lignin into CO2 and H2O. Biological pretreatment of lignocelluloses using white-rot fungi has been used for decades for ruminant feed, enzymatic hydrolysis, and biopulping. Application of white-rot fungi capabilities can offer environmentally friendly processes for utilising lignocelluloses over physical or chemical pretreatment. This paper reviews white-rot fungi, ligninolytic enzymes, the effect of biological pretreatment on biomass characteristics, and factors affecting biological pretreatment. Application of biological pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis, biofuels (bioethanol, biogas and pyrolysis), biopulping, biobleaching, animal feed, and enzymes production are also discussed.

White-rot fungi

Biopulping

Manganese peroxidase

Lignocellulose

Bioethanol

Lignin peroxidase

Ruminant feed

Solid-state fermentation

Laccase

Biobleaching

Biological pretreatment

Författare

Isroi Isroi

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik

Ria Millati

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik

syam Syamsiah

Claes Niklasson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik

Cayanto Cayanto

Bachrudin

Mohammad Taherzadeh Esfahani

Knut Lundquist

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Organisk kemi

BioResources

1930-2126 (ISSN)

Vol. 6 4 5224-5259

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Ämneskategorier

Industriell bioteknik

Styrkeområden

Energi

Livsvetenskaper och teknik