Calculation methods for comparing the performance of pure and mixed working fluids in heat pump applications
Journal article, 1993

Three methods for comparing cycle performance of working fluids, pure as well as non-azeotropic mixtures, are investigated for two applications and for two mixture pairs, HCFC22-CFC114 and HCFC22-HCFC142b, and their pure components. The methods differ in the way of calculating the heat exchange processes. They assume, respectively, equal minimum approach temperatures, equal mean temperature differences and equal heat transfer areas. Changes of coefficient of performance (COP) with composition are explained for all methods. It is shown that transport properties must be taken into account when making rigorous comparisons between working fluids. To predict the relations between fluids with high accuracy, one must use the method with equal heat transfer areas. By the method with equal mean temperature differences, the COP can be estimated with the same accuracy for mixtures as for pure fluids, and can be used for rough estimations of the COP level with different fluids. The method of equal minimum approach temperatures should be avoided for non-azeotropic mixtures.


heat pump


heat transfer


non-azeotropic mixture





Marine Högberg

Department of Heat and Power Technology

Lennart Vamling

Department of Heat and Power Technology

Thore Berntsson

Department of Heat and Power Technology

International Journal of Refrigeration

Vol. 16 6 403-413

Subject Categories

Chemical Engineering



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