Frequency Multiplier Measurements on Heterostructure Barrier Varactors on a Copper Substrate
Journal article, 2000
We have fabricated heterostructure barrier varactors (HBV) on a copper substrate, which offers reduced spreading resistance, and improved thermal conductivity compared to an InP substrate. The devices are fabricated without degrading the electrical characteristics. The three-barrier HBV material grown by MOVPE has a leakage current of only 0.1 mu A/ mu m/sup 2/ at 19 V. The maximum capacitance is 0.54 fF/ mu m/sup 2/. In a frequency tripler experiment a maximum output power of 7.1 mW was generated at 221 GHz with a flange-to-flange efficiency of 7.9%.