On the Equivalence of TCM Encoders
Paper in proceedings, 2012
Optimal trellis-coded modulation (TCM) schemes are obtained by jointly designing the convolutional encoder and the binary labeling of the constellation. Unfortunately this approach is infeasible for large encoder memories or constellation sizes. Traditional TCM designs circumvent this problem by using a labeling that follows the set-partitioning principle and by performing an exhaustive search over the encoders. Therefore, traditional TCM schemes are not necessarily optimal. In this paper, we study binary labelings for TCM and show how they can be grouped into classes, which considerably reduces the search space in a joint design. For the particular case of 8-ary modulation the search space is reduced from 40320 to 240. Using this classification, we formally prove that for any channel it is always possible to design a TCM system based on the binary-reflected Gray code with identical performance to the one proposed by Ungerboeck in 1982. Moreover, the classification is used to tabulate asymptotically optimal TCM schemes.
Trellis coded modulation