Influence of Gender, Height, Weight, Age, Seated Position and Collision Site related to Neck Pain Symptoms in Rear End Impacts
Paper in proceedings, 2012
Rear end vehicle collisions can result in occupants suffering neck pain symptoms of varying degree
and duration. These injuries are generally called whiplash injuries and they are common and costly. This study
analyses the occurance and duration of neck pain symptoms of one particular vehicle make with focus on the
influence of occupant specific information. Data collected from a Swedish vehicle make, model year 1993 up to
model year 2007 at a maximum of three years old, were analysed.
The results from this study show that passengers are more likely than drivers to suffer neck pain symptoms,
in crashes that occurred in that particular make of car. No significant differences in risk related to age, gender
weight, and height could be identified, except for: Females aged 35‐44 had higher risk to have long and medium
term neck pain symptoms than males in the same group of age. Males aged >=65 had higher risk to have long
and medium term neck pain symptoms than males aged 35‐44. Females in group “Braking” had higher risk of
any type of neck pain symptoms than males.
Where the occupant was seated in the front seat of the carinfluenced the occurance of neck pain symptoms
and their duration for both males and females, with passengers posing a higher risk of suffering neck pain
symptoms compared to drivers. Of the drivers, 17 percent reported neck pain symptoms compared to 44
percent of the passengers. When grouped into the categories males and females, 15 percent of the male and 19
percent of the female drivers reported neck pain symptoms compared to 44 percent of the male and 43 percent
of the female passengers. With respect to the different collision sites, rear end collisions at traffic lights most often resulted in occupants reporting neck pain symptoms. Collisions in roundabouts most often resulted in different impact scenarios and occupants reported suffering neck pain symptoms of mid and long term duration.
The result of this study indicates the need for improved understanding of the differences between driver and passenger response in different driving scenarios. In addition, occupant charactersisics should also be studied.
Neck pain symptoms