Business Model Innovation from an Open Systems Perspective: Structural challenges and managerial solutions.
Journal article, 2013

There is an emerging consensus that business models are systemic and transcend firm boundaries. Yet, existing research on business model innovation challenges focus almost exclusively on intra-firm factors such as capabilities, cognition and leadership. We explore challenges related to business model innovation by instead drawing on an open systems perspective on organizations and develop a set of propositions. In particular, we argue that the systemic and boundary-spanning nature of business models imply that firms are forced to act under conditions of interdependence and restricted freedom, since they do not have executive control over their surrounding network. Consequently, we propose that suitable managerial solutions include the development of shared knowledge, appropriability regimes based on trust, network stability and the alignment of heterogeneous interests.

Business model

open systems



managerial challenges


Henrik Berglund

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Innovation and R&D Management

Christian Sandström

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Innovation and R&D Management

International Journal of Product Development

1477-9056 (ISSN) 1741-8178 (eISSN)

Vol. 18 3/4 274-285

Driving Forces

Innovation and entrepreneurship

Subject Categories

Business Administration



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