Oxygen Release and Oxidation Rates of MgAl2O4-Supported CuO Oxygen Carrier for Chemical-Looping Combustion with Oxygen Uncoupling (CLOU)
Journal article, 2012
The chemical-looping combustion (CLC) and chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) processes are novel solutions for efficient combustion with inherent separation of carbon dioxide. These processes use a metal oxide as an oxygen carrier to transfer oxygen from an air reactor to a fuel reactor, where the fuel reacts with the solid oxygen carrier. When solid fuel is used in CLC, the char must be gasified by, e.g., steam to form H2 and CO, that can be subsequently oxidized to H2O and CO2 by the oxygen carrier. In the case of CLOU, the oxygen carrier releases oxygen gas in the fuel reactor. This enables a high rate of conversion of char from solid fuels, because it eliminates the need for the gasification step needed in normal CLC with solid fuels. In this work, the rate of oxygen release and oxidation of an oxygen carrier consisting of CuO supported by MgAl2O4 (40/60 wt %) for the CLOU process is investigated. The oxygen carrier was produced by freeze-granulation, calcined at 950 °C, and sieved to a size range of 125–180 μm. The reaction rates were obtained in a laboratory-scale fluidized-bed reactor in the temperature range of 850–900 °C, under alternating reducing and oxidizing conditions. The rate of oxygen release was obtained using devolatilized wood char as the fuel in N2 fluidization. Care was taken to obtain reliable measurements not affected by the availability of the fuel and temperature increase in the bed during combustion of the fuel with the released oxygen from the carrier. The Avrami–Erofeev mechanism was used to model the rates of oxygen release and the values of ko and Eapp were estimated to be 2.5 × 105 s–1 and 139.3 kJ mol–1, respectively. The rates of Cu2O oxidation were investigated in a flow of 5% O2 at the inlet of the reactor. However, it was observed that the oxidation rate is limited by the oxygen supply, indicating rapid conversion of the oxygen carrier. From the obtained reaction rates, the minimum total amount of the investigated oxygen carrier needed in the air and the fuel reactor is estimated to be between 69–139 kg MWth–1.
chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU)
chemical-looping combustion (CLC)