ADSEAT – Adaptive seat to reduce neck injuries for female and male occupants
Journal article, 2013

Neck injuries sustained in low severity vehicle crashes are of worldwide concern and the risk is higher for females than for males. The objective of the study was to provide guidance on how to evaluate protective performance of vehicle seat designs aiming to reduce the incidence of neck injuries for female and male occupants. The objective was achieved by reviewing injury risk, establishing anthropometric data of an average female, performing dynamic volunteer tests comprising females and males, and developing a finite element model, EvaRID, of an average female. With respect to injury criteria, it was concluded based on the tests that using NIC (with a lower threshold value) and Nkm (with reduced intercept values) for females would be a suitable starting point. Virtual impact simulations with seats showed that differences were found in the response of the BioRID II and EvaRID models, for certain seats.

Finite Element Model


Average Female

Crash Test Dummy


Astrid Linder

The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)

Sylvia Schick

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

Wolfram Hell

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

Mats Svensson

SAFER, The Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety

Anna K Carlsson

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety

SAFER, The Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre

Paul Lemmen

Humanetics Europe

Kai-Uwe Schmitt


Andreas Gutsche

Technische Universität Graz

Ernst Tomasch

Technische Universität Graz

Accident Analysis and Prevention

0001-4575 (ISSN)

Vol. 60 334-343

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Other Engineering and Technologies

Vehicle Engineering


Basic sciences

Driving Forces

Innovation and entrepreneurship



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9/6/2018 1