Interior Insulation Retrofit of a Brick Wall Using Vacuum Insulation Panels: Design of a Laboratory Study to Determine the Hygrothermal Effect on Existing Structure and Wooden Beam Ends
Paper in proceedings, 2013
The increasing demand on energy-efficient buildings requires energy retrofitting measures in the existing building stock. Conventional thermal insulation materials, such as mineral wool and expanded polystyrene (EPS), demand a thick layer of insulation to reach the energy targets. Vacuum insulation panels (VIPs) are a novel thermal insulation component with 5-10 times lower thermal conductivity than the conventional insulation materials, depending on the VIP ageing state. The thermal transmittance of the building envelope can thereby be substantially reduced using a limited additional insulation thickness. Previous research has shown that interior energy retrofitting of exterior walls may increase the moisture content of the walls and increases the risk of freeze-thaw damages at the surface. This study analyzes the hygrothermal consequences on a 250 mm (9.8 in.) thick brick wall retrofitted with 20 mm (0.8 in.) interior VIP (glued directly on the plastered brick wall). Hygrothermal simulations in WUFI 2D are used to study the hygrothermal effects by different material properties and boundary conditions. Apart from the material properties, the amount of driving rain available at the surface is the most important influential parameter in the simulations. The conclusions from this study are used to plan a measurement study in a climate simulator where driving rain and solar radiation will be simulated.