Aspects of fixture clamp modeling in non-rigid variation simulation of sheet metal assemblies
Paper in proceedings, 2013
Today there is an increased use of CAT-tools (Computer Aided Tolerancing) within the automotive industry. These kinds of virtual tools are getting increasingly important to ensure robust solutions as early as possible in the development processes, to minimize the use of test series and thereby reduce lead times and development costs.
This paper focuses upon modeling of fixture locating scheme and the aspect of how many degrees of freedoms (DoF) a clamp actually locks. The clamps control part movement allowance, and it is of importance to investigate the influence from the friction forces between the clamping units and the fixated parts. Simulated forces in non-steering directions are compared to friction forces measured in real body shop production equipment. The non-rigid variation simulations have been performed based upon the Method of Influence Coefficients (MIC) and additional functionality for contact modeling, force estimation and weld sequence analysis.
There are a variety of alternatives of how to build the simulation model and the made choices obviously influence the simulation results. The industrial case study shows significant differences in both estimated in-plane forces and geometric results after springback for different choices of modeling alternatives. It demonstrates the difficulties in taking the friction force into consideration in variation simulation of sheet metal assembly processes.