Analytic Solutions to the Dynamic Programming sub-problem in Hybrid Vehicle Energy Management
Journal article, 2015

The computationally demanding Dynamic Programming (DP) algorithm is frequently used in academic research to solve the energy management problem of an Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV). This paper is focused exclusively on how the computational demand of such a computation can be reduced. The main idea is to use a local approximation of the gridded cost-to-go and derive an analytic solution for the optimal torque split decision at each point in the time and state grid. Thereby it is not necessary to quantize the torque split and identify the optimal decision by interpolating in the cost-to-go. Two different approximations of the cost-to-go are considered in the paper: i) a local linear approximation, and ii) a quadratic spline approximation. The results indicate that computation time can be reduced by orders of magnitude with only a slight degradation in simulated fuel economy. Furthermore, with a spline approximated cost-to-go it is also possible to significantly reduce the memory storage requirements. A parallel Plug-in HEV is considered in the paper but the method is also applicable to an HEV.

Dynamic Programming

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Author

Viktor Larsson

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Systems and control, Automatic Control

Lars Johannesson

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Systems and control, Automatic Control

Bo Egardt

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Systems and control, Automatic Control

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology

0018-9545 (ISSN)

Vol. 64 4 1458-1467 6828783

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Transport

Energy

Subject Categories

Control Engineering

DOI

10.1109/TVT.2014.2329864

More information

Created

10/7/2017