Designing photoswitches for molecular solar thermal energy storage
Journal article, 2015

Solar energy conversion and solar energy storage are key challenges for a future society with limited access to fossil fuels. Certain compounds that undergo light-induced isomerisation to a metastable isomer can be used for storage of solar energy, so-called molecular solar thermal systems. Exposing the compound to sun light will generate a high energy photoisomer that can be stored. When energy is needed, the photoisomer can be catalytically converted back to the parent compound, releasing the excess energy as heat. This Letter gives examples of selected molecular solar thermal systems found in the literature. The focus of the Letter is on examples where molecular design has been used to improve the performance of the molecules, and as such it may serve as an inspiration for future design. The selected examples cover five widely studied systems, notably: anthracenes, stilbenes, azobenzenes, tetracarbonyl-fulvalene-diruthenium compounds and norbornadienes.

Photochemistry

Molecular design

Molecular solar thermal

Solar energy

Molecular switches

Isomers

Author

Anders Lennartsson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Polymer Technology

Anna Roffey

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Polymer Technology

Kasper Moth-Poulsen

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Polymer Technology

Tetrahedron Letters

0040-4039 (ISSN)

Vol. 56 2015 1457-1465

Molecular Solar Thermal Energy Storage and Conversion

Swedish Research Council (VR), 2012-01-01 -- 2015-12-31.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Energy

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Organic Chemistry

DOI

10.1016/j.tetlet.2015.01.187

More information

Latest update

5/17/2018