Assessment of Integrated Pedestrian Protection Systems with Forward Collision Warning and Automated Emergency Braking
Paper in proceedings, 2015
Automated Emergency Braking systems reduce impact speeds, and consequently, injuries in car‐ to‐pedestrian impacts. The development of assessment methods for these systems has received considerable attention. Forward Collision Warning systems similarly aim at reducing impact speed, but have received less attention. Casualty cost reductions of several simplified but realistic Forward Collision Warning and Automated Emergency Braking systems were calculated using simulations and a modified AsPeCSS method. Automated Emergency Braking systems were assessed to result in approximately 25% casualty cost reductions. Forward Collision Warning effectiveness ranged from “no benefit” for an audio‐visual warning system with late activation, to a benefit of 25 % casualty cost reduction for an early activating warning system including an additional short brake pulse. As Forward Collision Warning seems to have the potential to reduce pedestrian casualties of the same magnitude as Automated Emergency Braking, the authors suggest including a Forward Collision Warning assessment in a modified AsPeCSS method to rate pedestrian protection of cars.