Enhancing digital human motion planning of assembly tasks through dynamics and optimal control
Paper in proceedings, 2016

Better operator ergonomics in assembly plants reduce work related injuries, improve quality, productivity and reduce cost. In this paper we investigate the importance of modeling dynamics when planning for manual assembly operations. We propose modeling the dynamical human motion planning problem using the Discrete Mechanics and Optimal Control (DMOC) method, which makes it possible to optimize with respect to very general objectives. First, two industrial cases are simulated using a quasi-static inverse kinematics solver, demonstrating problems where this approach is sufficient. Then, the DMOC-method is used to solve for optimal trajectories of a lifting operation with dynamics. The resulting trajectories are compared to a steady state solution along the same path, indicating the importance of using dynamics.

Digital human modeling

Dynamics

Assembly

Optimal control

Ergonomy

Author

Staffan C Björkenstam

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Systems and control, Automation

N. Delfs

Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre

Johan Carlson

Chalmers, Product and Production Development, Product Development

R. Bohlin

Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre

Bengt Lennartson

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Systems and control, Automation

Procedia CIRP

22128271 (ISSN)

Vol. 44 20-25

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Robotics

Areas of Advance

Production

DOI

10.1016/j.procir.2016.02.125

More information

Latest update

3/20/2018