Sustainability Assessment of Infrastructure Elements with Integrated Energy Harvesting Technologies
Book chapter, 2016

The possibility of integrating energy harvesting devices into the bridge/tunnel structures along Coastal Highway Route E39 has been investigated in a feasibility study by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration (NPRA). The main advantage of integrating energy conversion devices in a structural element is the reduction of costs compared to stand-alone devices. The construction could be used as a foundation, a mooring point and provide a dry environment for electrical devices. Easy access to the production site could also reduce the cost for installation, operation and maintenance. Two important challenges related to harvesting renewable energy by infrastructure elements, without concerning about the energy source, are to store it or feed the energy to the grid. In the second case, tailoring generation to demand is of critical importance. Tasks such as supply and demand management, for instance, peak hour management, what kind of storage should be used - electrical or thermal - need be solved. Furthermore, integrating energy production devices in a structure might cause negative environmental impacts and affect the life expectancy and maintenance costs of such structures. The potential environmental impacts associated with renewable technologies are the consequences for bird life or marine fauna at the fjord crossing locations, as well as noise and visual impact. Thus, a sustainability assessment should be performed in order to quantify the ecological, economical and societal impacts of the suggested alternatives.

Integrated energy harvesting technologies

Coastal Highway Route E39

Environmental lifecycle assessment

Renewable energy

Norwegian Public Roads Administration

Economic lifecycle assessment

Author

Bijan Adl-Zarrabi

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Building Technology

Mohammad Hoseini

Norwegian Public Roads Administration

York Ostermeyer

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Building Technology

Holger Wallbaum

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Building Technology

Energy and Environment

221-234

Areas of Advance

Building Futures

Subject Categories

Other Environmental Engineering

Environmental Management

Energy Systems

DOI

10.1002/9781119307761.ch15

ISBN

978-111930776-1

More information

Latest update

9/6/2018 1