On bounded approximations of periodicity for computational homogenization of Stokes flow in porous media
Journal article, 2017
By separation of scales and the homogenization of a flow through porous media, a two-scale problem arises where a Darcy-type flow is present on the macroscale and a Stokes flow on the subscale. In this paper, the problem is given as the minimization of a potential. Additional constraints imposing periodicity in a weak sense are added using Lagrange multipliers. In particular, the upper and lower energy bounds for the corresponding strongly periodic problem are produced, quantifying the accuracy of the weakly periodic boundary conditions. A numerical example demonstrates the evaluation of energy bounds and the performance of weakly periodic boundary conditions on a representative volume element.
finite element methods