Solvation structure in dilute to highly concentrated electrolytes for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries
Journal article, 2017
The solvation structure of several lithium and sodium based electrolytes are explored as a function of salt concentration over a wide range via a detailed PM7 computational study. The cation coordination shells are found to be well-defined and solvent rich for dilute electrolytes, while disordered and anion rich for the more concentrated electrolytes. The Na-based electrolytes display larger cation coordination shells with a more pronounced presence of fluorine as compared to the Li-based electrolytes. The origins of the structural differences are discussed as well as their consequences for properties of battery electrolytes and battery usage-especially targeting the current large interest in highly concentrated electrolytes.
Lithium ion batteries
Sodium ion batteries
Highly concentrated electrolytes