A Framework for Extended Reality System Development in Manufacturing
Journal article, 2021

This paper presents a framework for developing extended reality (XR) systems within manufacturing context. The aim of this study is to develop a systematic framework to improve the usability and user acceptance of future XR systems. So that manufacturing industry can move from the “wow effect” of XR demonstrators into the stage whereas XR systems can be successfully integrated and improve the conventional work routines. It is essential to ensure the usability and user acceptance of XR systems for the wider adoption in manufacturing. The proposed framework was developed through six case studies that covered different XR system developments for different application areas of manufacturing. The framework consists of five iterative phases: (1) requirements analysis, (2) solution selection, (3) data preparation, (4) system implementation and (5) system evaluation. It is validated through one empirical case and seven identified previous studies, which partly aligned with the proposed framework. The proposed framework provides a clear guideline on the steps needed to integrate XR in manufacturing and it extends the XR usage with increased usability and user acceptance. Furthermore, it strengthens the importance of user-centered approach for XR system development in manufacturing.

mixed reality

augmented reality

virtual manufacturing

virtual reality

Extended reality


Liang Gong

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Production Systems

Åsa Fasth Berglund

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Production Systems

Björn Johansson

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Production Systems

IEEE Access

2169-3536 (ISSN)

Vol. 9 24796-24813 9345690

SUstainability, sMart Maintenance and factory design Testbed (SUMMIT)

VINNOVA (2017-04773), 2017-11-01 -- 2021-04-30.

Digital tvilling för utveckling och installation av produktionssystem - DIP

VINNOVA (2018-02698), 2018-11-01 -- 2021-10-31.

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance




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4/5/2022 6