Vector-corrected Nonlinear Multi-port IQ-mixer Characterization using Modulated Signals
Paper in proceedings, 2017
In this paper, large-signal operation of IQ-mixers is
studied using a vector-corrected four-port measurement setup with modulated signals as stimuli. The measurement setup presents unique characterization possibilities since it has two ports at low/baseband frequencies and two ports at RF, making it ideal for characterization of frequency-translating devices such as mixers. A commercial upconverting IQ-mixer is studied, with the I and Q input signals residing at incommensurate frequency
grids, enabling separation of the nonlinear distortion generated in the I and Q branches. Frequency-domain and time-domain measurements reveal imbalances between the I and Q branches in terms of conversion gain and nonlinear distortion. It is also shown for the same mixer that operating the I and Q branches concurrently has limited influence on both conversion gain and nonlinear distortion, compared to non-concurrent operation.