The Best Rated Human-Machine Interface Design for Autonomous Vehicles in the 2016 Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge
Journal article, 2018

This paper provides an in-depth description of the best rated human-machine interface that was presented during the 2016 Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge. It was demonstrated by the Chalmers Truck Team as the envisioned interface to their open source software framework OpenDLV, which is used to power Chalmers' fleet of self-driving vehicles. The design originates from the postulate that the vehicle is fully autonomous to handle even complex traffic scenarios. Thus, by including external and internal interfaces, and introducing a show, don't tell principle, it aims at fulfilling the needs of the vehicle occupants as well as other participants in the traffic environment. The design also attempts to comply with, and slightly extend, the current traffic rules and legislation for the purpose of being realistic for full-scale implementation.

Human-machine interface

autonomous autonomous

external interface


Ola Benderius

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous Systems

Christian Berger

University of Gothenburg

Victor Malmsten Lundgren

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems

1524-9050 (ISSN)

Vol. 19 4 1302-1307

Subject Categories

Interaction Technologies

Human Computer Interaction

Embedded Systems



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