Energy balance analysis of a propeller in open water
Journal article, 2018
This paper proposes a methodology based on control volume analysis of energy, applied on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) results, for analyzing ship propulsion interaction effects as a complement to the well-established terminology, including thrust deduction, wake fraction and propulsive efficiency. The method, titled Energy Balance Analysis, is demonstrated on a propeller operating in open water. Through consideration of a complete energy balance, including kinetic energy flux, turbulent kinetic energy flux, internal energy flux (originating from dissipation) and pressure work, all possible hydrodynamic losses are included in the analysis, implying that it should be possible to avoid sub-optimized solutions. The results for different control volumes and grid refinements are compared. The deviation of the power obtained from the proposed energy balance analysis relative to the power based on integrated forces on the propeller is less than 1%. The method is considered promising for analyzing and understanding propulsor hull interaction for conventional, as well as novel propulsion configurations. The energy balance analysis is conducted as a post-processing step and could be used in automated optimization procedures.
Reynolds transport theorem
Propeller in open water