Gas-phase phosphorous poisoning of a Pt/Ba/Al2O3 NOx storage catalyst
Journal article, 2018

The effect of phosphorous exposure on the NO x storage capacity of a Pt/Ba/Al 2 O 3 catalyst coated on a ceramic monolith substrate has been studied. The catalyst was exposed to phosphorous by evaporating phosphoric acid in presence of H 2 O and O 2 . The NOx storage capacity was measured before and after the phosphorus exposure and a significant loss of the NO x storage capacity was detected after phosphorous exposure. The phosphorous poisoned samples were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), N 2 -physisorption and inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). All characterization methods showed an axial distribution of phosphorous ranging from the inlet to the outlet of the coated monolith samples with a higher concentration at the inlet of the samples. Elemental analysis, using ICP-AES, confirmed this distribution of phosphorous on the catalyst surface. The specific surface area and pore volume were significantly lower at the inlet section of the monolith where the phosphorous concentration was higher, and higher at the outlet where the phosphorous concentration was lower. The results from the XPS and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)-energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyses showed higher accumulation of phosphorus towards the surface of the catalyst at the inlet of the monolith and the phosphorus was to a large extent present in the form of P 4 O 10 . However, in the middle section of the monolith, the XPS analysis revealed the presence of more metaphosphate (PO 3 – ). Moreover, the SEM-EDX analysis showed that the phosphorous to higher extent had diffused into the washcoat and was less accumulated at the surface close to the outlet of the sample

Deactivation

NOx storage

Phosphorous

Poisoning

NSR

LNT

Author

Rasmus Jonsson

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology, Chemical Reaction Engineering

Oana Mihai

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology, Chemical Reaction Engineering

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Jungwon Woo

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology, Chemical Reaction Engineering

Magnus Skoglundh

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Polymer Technology

Eva Olsson

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Physics, Eva Olsson Group

Malin Berggrund

Volvo Cars

Louise Olsson

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology

Catalysts

2073-4344 (ISSN)

Vol. 8 4 155

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

Materials Chemistry

Other Chemistry Topics

Areas of Advance

Transport

DOI

10.3390/catal8040155

More information

Latest update

12/3/2018