Gas-phase phosphorous poisoning of a Pt/Ba/Al2O3 NOx storage catalyst
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

The effect of phosphorous exposure on the NO x storage capacity of a Pt/Ba/Al 2 O 3 catalyst coated on a ceramic monolith substrate has been studied. The catalyst was exposed to phosphorous by evaporating phosphoric acid in presence of H 2 O and O 2 . The NOx storage capacity was measured before and after the phosphorus exposure and a significant loss of the NO x storage capacity was detected after phosphorous exposure. The phosphorous poisoned samples were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), N 2 -physisorption and inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). All characterization methods showed an axial distribution of phosphorous ranging from the inlet to the outlet of the coated monolith samples with a higher concentration at the inlet of the samples. Elemental analysis, using ICP-AES, confirmed this distribution of phosphorous on the catalyst surface. The specific surface area and pore volume were significantly lower at the inlet section of the monolith where the phosphorous concentration was higher, and higher at the outlet where the phosphorous concentration was lower. The results from the XPS and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)-energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyses showed higher accumulation of phosphorus towards the surface of the catalyst at the inlet of the monolith and the phosphorus was to a large extent present in the form of P 4 O 10 . However, in the middle section of the monolith, the XPS analysis revealed the presence of more metaphosphate (PO 3 – ). Moreover, the SEM-EDX analysis showed that the phosphorous to higher extent had diffused into the washcoat and was less accumulated at the surface close to the outlet of the sample

NOx storage

NSR

LNT

Deactivation

Poisoning

Phosphorous

Författare

Rasmus Jonsson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Oana Mihai

Kemisk apparat- och reaktionsteknik

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Jung Won Woo

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Kemisk apparat- och reaktionsteknik

Magnus Skoglundh

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Polymerteknologi

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Eva Olsson

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Fysik, Eva Olsson Group

Malin Berggrund

Volvo Cars

Louise Olsson

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik

Catalysts

2073-4344 (ISSN)

Vol. 8 4 155

Ämneskategorier

Oorganisk kemi

Materialkemi

Annan kemi

Styrkeområden

Transport

DOI

10.3390/catal8040155

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-02-11