Development and Calibration of One Dimensional Engine Model for Hardware-in-the-Loop Applications
Paper in proceedings, 2018
The present paper aims at developing an innovative procedure to create a one-dimensional (1D) real-time capable simulation model for a heavy-duty diesel engine. The novelty of this approach is the use of the top-level engine configuration, test cell measurement data, and manufacturer maps as opposite to common practice of utilizing a detailed 1D engine model. The objective is to facilitate effective model adjustments and hence further increase the application of Hardware-in-the-Loop (HiL) simulations in powertrain development. This work describes the development of Fast Running Model (FRM) in GT-SUITE simulation software. The cylinder and gas-path modeling and calibration are described in detail. The results for engine performance and exhaust emissions produced satisfactory agreement with both steady-state and transient experimental data. Therefore, the presented methodology shows a great potential for testing and validation of new control strategies in Engine Management System (EMS) and for optimizing engine performance using HiL systems. The model has been successfully used in powertrain testing and calibration in the VIRtual TEst Cell (VIRTEC) system at Volvo Penta.