Sorption of Se species on mineral surfaces, part I: Batch sorption and multi-site modelling
Journal article, 2018

The sorption behavior of Se(IV) on Grimsel granodiorite and its main minerals, plagioclase, K-feldspar, quartz and biotite, were investigated in Grimsel groundwater simulant in a large Se concentration range (from 1.66 × 10−10M to 1 × 10−3M). Experimental results show that the distribution coefficients (Kdvalues) of Se(IV) on the rock and mineral samples increased with the decreasing of Se(IV) concentration. The sorption of Se(IV) on biotite has the largest Kdvalue in low concentration area (<10−7M) stabilizing between 0.0595 ± 0.0097 m3/Kg and 0.0713 ± 0.0164 m3/Kg. The Kdvalue of Se(IV) on K-feldspar was the second largest (0.0154 ± 0.0019 m3/Kg in 10−9M) while the sorption on quartz was negligible. The sorption behavior of Se(IV) on Grimsel granodiorite followed the same trend as plagioclase, the most abundant mineral in Grimsel granodiorite, with Kdvalues of 0.0078 ± 0.0010 m3/Kg for Grimsel granodiorite and 0.0085 ± 0.0016 m3/Kg for plagioclase, when Se(IV) concentration was 10−9M. HPLC-ICP-MS results show that all the Se(IV) remained in +IV oxidation state after more than 1 month experimental time and speciation modelling proved that the main species in Grimsel groundwater simulant were HSeO3−and SeO32−. Multi-site surface complexation modelling was performed by PHREEQC with the help of molecular modelling techniques which was performed with the CASTEP code implemented into Materials Studio. The modelling results predict that there are three kinds of sorption sites on the surface of biotite mineral, with sorption site densities differing in three magnitudes.

Crystalline rock

Sorption

Minerals

Surface complexation modelling

Selenium

Author

Xiaodong Li

University of Helsinki

Eini Puhakka

University of Helsinki

Jussi Ikonen

University of Helsinki

Mervi Söderlund

University of Helsinki

Antero Lindberg

Geological Survey of Finland (GTK)

Stellan Holgersson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Nuclear Chemistry

Andrew Martin

National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Nagra)

Marja Siitari-Kauppi

University of Helsinki

Applied Geochemistry

0883-2927 (ISSN)

Vol. 95 147-157

Subject Categories

Physical Chemistry

Other Chemistry Topics

Geochemistry

DOI

10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.05.024

More information

Latest update

9/19/2018