Sorption of Se species on mineral surfaces, part I: Batch sorption and multi-site modelling
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

The sorption behavior of Se(IV) on Grimsel granodiorite and its main minerals, plagioclase, K-feldspar, quartz and biotite, were investigated in Grimsel groundwater simulant in a large Se concentration range (from 1.66 × 10−10M to 1 × 10−3M). Experimental results show that the distribution coefficients (Kdvalues) of Se(IV) on the rock and mineral samples increased with the decreasing of Se(IV) concentration. The sorption of Se(IV) on biotite has the largest Kdvalue in low concentration area (<10−7M) stabilizing between 0.0595 ± 0.0097 m3/Kg and 0.0713 ± 0.0164 m3/Kg. The Kdvalue of Se(IV) on K-feldspar was the second largest (0.0154 ± 0.0019 m3/Kg in 10−9M) while the sorption on quartz was negligible. The sorption behavior of Se(IV) on Grimsel granodiorite followed the same trend as plagioclase, the most abundant mineral in Grimsel granodiorite, with Kdvalues of 0.0078 ± 0.0010 m3/Kg for Grimsel granodiorite and 0.0085 ± 0.0016 m3/Kg for plagioclase, when Se(IV) concentration was 10−9M. HPLC-ICP-MS results show that all the Se(IV) remained in +IV oxidation state after more than 1 month experimental time and speciation modelling proved that the main species in Grimsel groundwater simulant were HSeO3−and SeO32−. Multi-site surface complexation modelling was performed by PHREEQC with the help of molecular modelling techniques which was performed with the CASTEP code implemented into Materials Studio. The modelling results predict that there are three kinds of sorption sites on the surface of biotite mineral, with sorption site densities differing in three magnitudes.

Crystalline rock



Surface complexation modelling



Xiaodong Li

Helsingin Yliopisto

Eini Puhakka

Helsingin Yliopisto

Jussi Ikonen

Helsingin Yliopisto

Mervi Söderlund

Helsingin Yliopisto

Antero Lindberg

Geologian tutkimuskeskus (GTK)

Stellan Holgersson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

Andrew Martin

National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Nagra)

Marja Siitari-Kauppi

Helsingin Yliopisto

Applied Geochemistry

0883-2927 (ISSN) 18729134 (eISSN)

Vol. 95 147-157


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