Combining Nanoplasmonics and Nanofluidics for Single Particle Catalysis
Licentiate thesis, 2018
To overcome these limitations, on one hand, techniques are being developed that are sensitive enough to probe individual catalytic particles and that at the same time can operate under realistic reaction conditions. On the other hand, strategies to more carefully control the amount and structure of catalyst material, as well as to precisely control mass transport to and from the active catalyst, are being investigated by scaling down the size of the used chemical reactor. To further push the limit of downsizing, in this thesis, I present a miniaturized reactor platform based on nanofluidic channels that have been carefully decorated with catalytic nanoparticles, and that is integrated with plasmonic nanospectroscopy readout. This optical technique relies on the nanoscale phenomenon known as the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) and enables the study of individual metal nanoparticles in operando by means of dark-field scattering spectroscopy.
As the first step in this development, we constructed a nanofluidic device with integrated plasmonic nanoparticles to detect minute changes in the liquid flowing through the channels, as well as molecules binding to the nanoparticles. As the second step, we developed the nanofluidic system with an integrated heater and to facilitate gas flow through the nanochannels with the possibility to connect to a mass spectrometer for on-line product analysis. This system was then successfully used to correlate activity with surface and bulk oxidation state changes taking place on individual catalytic Cu and Pt nanoparticles during CO oxidation, measured by means of plasmonic nanospectroscopy. To this end, in a separate study, I also employed the plasmonic approach to study the oxidation process of Cu nanoparticles both experimentally and by electrodynamics simulations.
dark field scattering spectroscopy
single particle catalysis
Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics
Single Particle Nanoplasmonic Sensing in Individual Nanofluidic Channels
Nano Letters,; Vol. 16(2016)p. 7857-7864
David Albinsson, Sara Nilsson, Tomasz J. Antosiewicz, and Christoph Langhammer, Plasmonic Heterodimers for Drift-Free Sensing of Cu Nanoparticle Oxidation and the Nanoscale Kirkendall Effect
David Albinsson, Stephan Bartling, Sara Nilsson, Henrik Ström, Joachim Fritzsche, Christoph Langhammer, Nanofluidic Reactors for Single Particle Catalysis
Single Particle Catalysis in Nanoreactors (SPCN)
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 2016-01-01 -- 2020-12-31.
Single Nanoparticle Catalysis, SINCAT
European Commission (Horizon 2020), 2016-01-01 -- 2020-12-31.
Areas of Advance
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)
Chalmers Materials Analysis Laboratory
Chalmers University of Technology
PJ-salen, Fysik Origo, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Göteborg
Opponent: Per-Anders Carlsson, Institutionen för Kemi och kemiteknik, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Göteborg