Virtual Reality Technology for Factory Layout Planning
Licentiate thesis, 2018
Traditional ways of planning the layout change based on expert knowledge and onsite workshops cannot promise optimal solutions and bring unwanted stoppages to production, and computer aided design (CAD) and simulation have become widely used to support the process. The simulation approach focuses mostly on the quantitative measures (such as travel distance, time, frequency and throughput). It has shown to be efficient for general layout planning, but less satisfactory for detailed layout planning when qualitative factors such as safety, ergonomics and operator preference are becoming more and more important.
Virtual reality (VR) technologies have become ever mature in recent years and are known for their ability to provide users with experience closely akin to the physical world through computer-generated representation. The richness and flexibility of the computer-generated environment can be of overall benefit to the future layout planning process.
This thesis set out to investigate how different stakeholders, such as operator, maintenance engineer, production engineer, actively can support the decision-making in factory layout planning that utilizes virtual reality technologies, and it aims to improve current FLP practice through a systematic procedure that enables the active involvement of different stakeholders during the layout redesign and evaluation process.
Therefore, a literature review about previous virtual reality applications was conducted to understand the benefit and limitation and based on which, three empirical studies were followed iteratively to explore and evaluate different VR integration approaches. A general guidelines on how to integrate and use virtual reality technology for factory layout planning was developed and discussed.
3D Laser Scanning
Factory Layout Planning
Virtual Factory Modelling
Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Production Systems
Improving manufacturing process change by 3D visualization support: A pilot study on truck production
Procedia CIRP,; Vol. 57(2016)p. 298-302
A Novel VR Tool for Collaborative Planning of Manufacturing Process Change using Point Cloud Data
Procedia CIRP,; Vol. 63(2017)p. 336-341
Paper in proceedings
Gong L, Berglund J, Fast-Berglund, Å, Johansson B, et al. (2018) Development of virtual reality support to factory layout planning
Innovative continuous upgrades of high investment product-services (USE-IT-WISELY)
European Commission (FP7), 2013-09-01 -- 2016-11-30.
VINNOVA, 2015-07-01 -- 2017-06-30.
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Other Mechanical Engineering
Areas of Advance
Thesis for the degree of licentiate of engineering / Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology: IMS-2018-19
Chalmers University of Technology
Virtual Development Laboratory (VDL), Hörsalsvägen 7A
Opponent: Prof. Anna Syberfeldt, School of Engineering Science, Högskolan i Skövde, Sweden