Light spectrum optimization for plant growth using biological feedback
Conference contribution, 2018
The use of light emitting diods (LEDs) as greenhouse illumination is increasingly common. When each LED color is individually dimmable both light spectrum and light intensity can be tuned, which opens up for optimisation of photosynthesis through automatic control of light quality and quantity. However, this requires a non-destructive biological growth signal that can be measured fast, remotely and preferably without interacting with the plants. A potential candidate signal is steady-state chlorophyll a fluorescence gain at 740 nm, defined as dF740/dq, i.e. the difference in fluorescence at 740 nm divided by the difference in incident light quanta caused by a (small) change in intensity of each individual LED color in the lamp (Ahlman et al., 2017). By automatically adjusting the spectrum, to aim for equal fluorescence gains for all LED colors (Wik et al., 2014), the instant photosynthetic rate can be optimised given a preset electric power input to the lamp. When implementing such a controller though, constraints on the spectral distribution are needed to minimise a negative impact on plant morphology. In this study measurements were conducted (on cucumber and lettuce) under different background light, and at each setting excitation signals were sequentially added by each of six different LED colors (peak wavelength at 400, 420, 450, 530, 630 and 660 nm). The corresponding changes in steady-state fluorescence were measured with a spectrometer and the fluorescence gain (dF740/dq) was calculated for each LED color and at each background light setting. These fluorescence gains were compared in order to evaluate the different LEDs' relative effect on photosynthesis under each of the different background light settings.
Light Emitting Diode
optimal light spectrum