Innovative prestressing method for externally bonded CFRP laminates without mechanical anchorage
Journal article, 2019
Strengthening of reinforced concrete (RC) structures by externally bonded carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminates has been widely accepted as an effective and cost-efficient method. It is well known that advantages offered by the bonded CFRP laminates can be further increased by prestressing the laminates prior to bonding. Mechanical anchors are essential, in this case, to prevent debonding since interfacial stress at areas close to the ends of the strengthening laminate is several times higher than the strength of the concrete substrate. Common anchorage solutions often consist of bolted metallic plates to clamp the prestressed CFRP laminate. Besides labor-intensive installation operation, the anchor plates are vulnerable to galvanic corrosion, which further complicates the inspection and increases the maintenance costs. There are also doubts about the long-term performance of such anchorage systems as it highly depends on the quality of the adhesive layer between the plate and laminate, and the level of pre-tension in clamping bolts. This paper presents the work conducted at Chalmers University of Technology on the development of an innovative prestressing method and a tool which allow for the application of prestressed CFRP laminates without mechanical anchors. The principles of the novel method and the prestressing system are explained. Experimental and numerical work carried out on an RC beam strengthened with this method is presented. Results indicate that CFRP laminates with high prestressing forces (approximately 30% of CFRP tensile strength) can be safely anchored without the need for mechanical anchors. Numerical results based on finite element analyses show that the proposed prestressing method can reduce the interfacial shear stresses in the CFRP-concrete adhesive joint below the bond strength with a reasonable safety margin.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP)
Reinforced concrete (RC)