Decontamination of Mercury-Containing Aqueous Streams by Electrochemical Alloy Formation on Copper
Journal article, 2019

Mercury in aqueous streams poses severe health and environmental concerns and requires improved techniques for decontamination. One such technique is electrochemical alloy formation on platinum, which can effectively decontaminate mercury-containing aqueous streams at concentrations relevant for both industrial and natural waters. This study examines the viability of copper as an alternative to platinum. Mercury removal is faster on copper and works both with and without an applied cathodic potential. Without it, however, copper dissolution becomes a problem. Copper dissolution is preventable in neutral pH and in sulfuric acid solutions under potential control, and dissolved copper ions can be plated back onto the electrode. In the presence of nitrate or chloride anions, copper electrodes degrade rapidly even under potential control. Thus, there are practical restrictions for mercury decontamination via electrochemical alloy formation on copper, but it can be applied to solutions where copper is stable under potential control.

Alloys

Copper

Water cleaning

Mercury

Platinum

Electrochemistry

Author

Mattias Bengtsson

Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics

Cristian Tunsu

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Nuclear Chemistry

Björn Wickman

Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

0888-5885 (ISSN) 1520-5045 (eISSN)

Vol. 58 9166-9172

Vattenrening och återvinning av tungmetaller med elektrokemiska legeringar

Magnus Bergvalls Stiftelse, 2017-08-21 -- 2018-08-22.

ÅForsk, 2016-06-01 -- 2017-10-31.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Innovation and entrepreneurship

Subject Categories

Physical Chemistry

Food Engineering

Materials Chemistry

Areas of Advance

Energy

Materials Science

Roots

Basic sciences

Infrastructure

Chalmers Materials Analysis Laboratory

Nanofabrication Laboratory

DOI

10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01513

More information

Latest update

1/30/2020