Decontamination of Mercury-Containing Aqueous Streams by Electrochemical Alloy Formation on Copper
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

Mercury in aqueous streams poses severe health and environmental concerns and requires improved techniques for decontamination. One such technique is electrochemical alloy formation on platinum, which can effectively decontaminate mercury-containing aqueous streams at concentrations relevant for both industrial and natural waters. This study examines the viability of copper as an alternative to platinum. Mercury removal is faster on copper and works both with and without an applied cathodic potential. Without it, however, copper dissolution becomes a problem. Copper dissolution is preventable in neutral pH and in sulfuric acid solutions under potential control, and dissolved copper ions can be plated back onto the electrode. In the presence of nitrate or chloride anions, copper electrodes degrade rapidly even under potential control. Thus, there are practical restrictions for mercury decontamination via electrochemical alloy formation on copper, but it can be applied to solutions where copper is stable under potential control.

Mercury

Alloys

Platinum

Copper

Electrochemistry

Water cleaning

Författare

Mattias Bengtsson

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Cristian Tunsu

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Kärnkemi

Björn Wickman

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

0888-5885 (ISSN) 1520-5045 (eISSN)

Vol. 58 9166-9172

Vattenrening och återvinning av tungmetaller med elektrokemiska legeringar

Magnus Bergvalls Stiftelse, 2017-08-21 -- 2018-08-22.

ÅForsk, 2016-06-01 -- 2017-10-31.

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Innovation och entreprenörskap

Ämneskategorier

Fysikalisk kemi

Livsmedelsteknik

Materialkemi

Styrkeområden

Energi

Materialvetenskap

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

Infrastruktur

Chalmers materialanalyslaboratorium

Nanotekniklaboratoriet

DOI

10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01513

Mer information

Skapat

2019-12-18