Application of the Discrete Element Method to Study the Effects of Stream Characteristics on Screening Performance
Journal article, 2019
Screening is a key operation in a crushing plant that ensures adequate product quality of aggregates in mineral processing. The screening process can be divided into the two sub-processes of stratification and passage. The stratification process is affected by the relative difference between various properties, such as particle shape, size distribution, and material density. The discrete element method (DEM) is a suitable method for analyzing the interactions between individual particles and between particles and a screen deck in a controlled environment. The main benefit of using the DEM for simulating the screening process is that this method enables the tracking of individual particles in the material flow, and all of the collisions between particles and between particles and boundaries. This paper presents how different particle densities and flowrates affect material stratification and, in turn, the screening performance. The results of this study show that higher density particles have a higher probability of passage because of their higher stratification rate, which increases the probability that a particle will contact the screen deck during the process.
discrete element method