Photoluminescence Properties and Fabrication of Red-Emitting LEDs based on Ca9Eu(VO4)(7) Phosphor
Journal article, 2020

We study the photoluminescence properties of the red-emitting phosphor Ca9Eu(VO4)(7) and establish a strong red emission centered at 613 nm under excitation at 395 nm (near ultra violet light, near-UV light) due to the intra-configurational D-5(0) -> F-7(2) transition within the 4f(6) configuration of the Eu3+ ions. The intensity of the emitted light decreases with increasing temperature and at T = 470 K about 50% of the intensity of the emitted light at room temperature is lost. Five different red-LED prototypes were constructed by applying a mixture of Ca9Eu(VO4)(7) phosphor and silicone gel on the headers of near-UV LED chips. The prototypes showed a color output from violet for the lowest phosphor concentration (133 g phosphor /l silicone gel), reaching an almost pure red-light output for the highest phosphor concentration (670 g phosphor /l silicone gel). The luminous efficiency of optical radiation (LER) was found to decrease slightly with increasing applied current. For the highest phosphor concentration, the LER decreases from 238 lmW(-1) for 1 mA current supply to 235 lmW(-1) for 18 mA current supply. The external quantum efficiency decreased from 7.33% for the lowest phosphor containing LED prototype to 4.13% for the highest one. (C) The Author(s) 2019. Published by ECS.


Suchinder Sharma

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material

Tobias Tingberg

Chalmers, Physics, Materials Physics

Irene Carrasco

Verona University

Marco Bettinelli

Verona University

Dan Kuylenstierna

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Microwave Electronics

Maths Karlsson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material

ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology

2162-8769 (ISSN) 2162-8777 (eISSN)

Vol. 9 1 016004

Subject Categories

Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Condensed Matter Physics



More information

Latest update

4/5/2022 7