Reasonable pressure tap layout to measure the aerodynamic forces of a train at different yaw angles
Journal article, 2020

The present work studies the aerodynamic loads of a train for different yaw angles from 5.87 degrees to 30 degrees by using the detached-eddy simulation (DES) method. Furthermore, based on the pressure integral method, a reasonable layout of the pressure taps on the train under a crosswind is studied to obtain the aerodynamic forces and moments that are used for a comparison with the results of the wind tunnel test. Considering the lower errors of the pressure integral results and fewer number of pressure taps comprehensively, the pressure integral method in the case of 15-4 (15 represents the tap quantity along the length direction, 4 represents the tap quantity along the height/width direction) on the head car and tail car, the case of 14-4 on the middle car are relatively good among the nine cases discussed in this paper. Compared to the results of the wind tunnel test, for the head car, the maximum error of the side force coefficient (C-y), rolling moment coefficient (M-x), and yawing moment coefficient (M-z) is all less than 10% for yaw angles from 5.87 degrees to 90 degrees, and the maximum errors of lift force coefficient (C-z) is less than 20% for yaw angles from 10.2 degrees to 90'; for the middle car, the maximum error of C-y is less than 20% for yaw angles from 5.87 degrees to 90 degrees, and the maximum error of C-z, M-x and M-z is all less than 15% for yaw angles from 5.87 degrees to 90'; for the tail car, the maximum error of C-y, C-z, M-x and M-z is all less than 15% for yaw angles from 10.2 degrees to 90 degrees. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

High-speed train

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

Crosswind

Pressure tap

Yaw angles

Author

Tanghong Liu

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Central South University

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

Zhengwei Chen

Central South University

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

Zijian Guo

Central South University

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Fluid Dynamics

Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation

0263-2241 (ISSN)

Vol. 166 108255

Subject Categories

Aerospace Engineering

Vehicle Engineering

DOI

10.1016/j.measurement.2020.108255

More information

Latest update

12/4/2020