Reasonable pressure tap layout to measure the aerodynamic forces of a train at different yaw angles
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

The present work studies the aerodynamic loads of a train for different yaw angles from 5.87 degrees to 30 degrees by using the detached-eddy simulation (DES) method. Furthermore, based on the pressure integral method, a reasonable layout of the pressure taps on the train under a crosswind is studied to obtain the aerodynamic forces and moments that are used for a comparison with the results of the wind tunnel test. Considering the lower errors of the pressure integral results and fewer number of pressure taps comprehensively, the pressure integral method in the case of 15-4 (15 represents the tap quantity along the length direction, 4 represents the tap quantity along the height/width direction) on the head car and tail car, the case of 14-4 on the middle car are relatively good among the nine cases discussed in this paper. Compared to the results of the wind tunnel test, for the head car, the maximum error of the side force coefficient (C-y), rolling moment coefficient (M-x), and yawing moment coefficient (M-z) is all less than 10% for yaw angles from 5.87 degrees to 90 degrees, and the maximum errors of lift force coefficient (C-z) is less than 20% for yaw angles from 10.2 degrees to 90'; for the middle car, the maximum error of C-y is less than 20% for yaw angles from 5.87 degrees to 90 degrees, and the maximum error of C-z, M-x and M-z is all less than 15% for yaw angles from 5.87 degrees to 90'; for the tail car, the maximum error of C-y, C-z, M-x and M-z is all less than 15% for yaw angles from 10.2 degrees to 90 degrees. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

Crosswind

High-speed train

Pressure tap

Yaw angles

Författare

Tanghong Liu

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

Central South University

Natl & Local Joint Engn Res Ctr Safety Technol Ra

Zhengwei Chen

Natl & Local Joint Engn Res Ctr Safety Technol Ra

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

Central South University

Zijian Guo

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

Central South University

Natl & Local Joint Engn Res Ctr Safety Technol Ra

Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation

0263-2241 (ISSN)

Vol. 166 108255

Ämneskategorier

Rymd- och flygteknik

Farkostteknik

DOI

10.1016/j.measurement.2020.108255

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2020-11-18