A multi-objective optimization framework for designing climate-resilient building forms in urban areas
Paper in proceedings, 2020

With the increasing global awareness about the impacts of climate change on the built environments, the need for improving the climate resilience of buildings is being more acknowledged. Despite the high number of relevant studies, there is a lack of frameworks to assess the resiliency of buildings and urban areas. This study presents a multi-objective framework to optimize the form of buildings against its energy performance and thermal comfort considering its resiliency to the uncertainties of climate change during three thirty-years periods (2010-2099) of a warm region. Three performance sections related to building's form are identified and categorized for the impact assessment including (1) urban form, (2) orientation, and (3) transparency with ten influencing parameters. The analysis of non-dominated solutions out of the optimization process showed that the annual energy performance (cooling and heating demand) of the urban areas can improve about 34% in both typical and extreme weather conditions whilst maintaining thermal comfort by optimizing the overall form of the buildings with similar built density and heights. Moreover, Buildings with 15 to 30-degree rotations and 33% glazing ratio showed the highest energy performance. Finally, the top 20 resilient building forms with the highest energy performance and climate resiliency were selected out of the database of results to derive design suggestions.

Author

Kavan Javanroodi

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology

Vahid Nik

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology

Lund University

Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Bijan Adl-Zarrabi

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science

17551307 (ISSN) 17551315 (eISSN)

Vol. 588 3 032036

World Sustainable Built Environment - Beyond 2020, WSBE 2020
Gothenburg, Sweden,

Subject Categories

Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology

Energy Systems

Building Technologies

DOI

10.1088/1755-1315/588/3/032036

More information

Latest update

12/23/2020