Large-Eddy Simulation Study of Ultra-High Fuel Injection Pressure on Gasoline Sprays
Journal article, 2020

The development of gasoline spray at ultra-high injection pressures was analyzed using Large-Eddy simulation (LES). Two different nozzle hole geometries, divergent and convergent shape, were considered to inject the fuel at injection pressures ranging from 200 to 1500 bar inside a constant volume spray chamber maintained at atmospheric conditions. The discrete droplet phase was treated using a Lagrangian formulation together with the standard spray sub-models. The numerical results were calibrated by reproducing experimentally observed liquid penetration length and efforts were made to understand the influence of ultra-high injection pressures on the spray development. The calibrated model was then used to investigate the impact of ultra-high injection pressures on mean droplet size and droplet size distribution. In addition, the spray-induced large-scale eddies and entrainment rate were evaluated at different ultra-high injection pressures. Overall, simulation results showed a good agreement with available measurement data. At ultra-high injection pressures mean droplet sizes were significantly reduced and comprised very high velocities. Integral length scales of spray-induced turbulence and air entrainment rate into the spray were larger at higher injection pressure compared to lower ones.

Sprayinduced turbulence

Ultra-high injection pressure

Large-Eddy simulation


Gasoline spray


Sandip Wadekar

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Combustion and Propulsion Systems, Combustions and Sprays

Michael Oevermann

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Combustion and Propulsion Systems, Combustions and Sprays

Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

1386-6184 (ISSN) 1573-1987 (eISSN)

Vol. in press

Subject Categories

Other Mechanical Engineering

Applied Mechanics

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics

Areas of Advance



C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)



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1/7/2021 1