Towards UWB microwave hyperthermia for brain cancer treatment
Licentiate thesis, 2021
In this thesis, we explore whether the current treatment planning methods can be meaningfully translated to the UWB setting and propose new solutions for UWB microwave hyperthermia. We analyze the most commonly used cost-functions for treatment planning optimization and discuss their suitability for use with UWB systems. Then, we propose a novel cost-function specifically tailored for UWB optimization (HCQ). To solve for the HCQ, we further describe a novel, time-reversal based, iterative scheme for the rapid and efficient optimization of UWB treatment plans. We show that the combined use of these techniques results in treatment plans that better exploit the benefits of UWB systems, yielding increased tumor coverage and lower peak temperatures outside the target. Next, we investigate the design possibilities of UWB applicators and introduce a fast E-field approximation scheme. The method can be used for the global optimization of the array parameters with respect to the multiple objectives and requirements of hyperthermia treatments. Together, the proposed solutions represent a step forward in the implementation of patient-specific hyperthermia treatments, increasing their accuracy and precision. The results suggest that UWB microwave hyperthermia for brain cancer treatment is feasible, and motivate the efforts for further development of UWB applicators and systems.
Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Signal Processing and Biomedical Engineering
Suitability of eigenvalue beamforming for discrete multi-frequency hyperthermia treatment planning
Combining target coverage and hot-spot suppression into one cost function: the hot-to-cold spot quotient
Iterative time-reversal for multi-frequency hyperthermia
Optimization of microwave hyperthermia array applicators using field interpolation
2019 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2019 - Proceedings,; (2019)p. 537-538
Paper in proceeding
Microwave Hyperthermia for cancer treatment
Swedish Childhood Cancer Fund, 2012-01-01 -- .
Medical Equipment Engineering
Cancer and Oncology
Areas of Advance
Opponent: Petra H. Kok, Department of Radiation Oncology, Amsterdam University Medical Center (UMC), The Netherlands